Active Listening Skills: Definition and Examples
By Indeed Editorial Team
Updated 9 January 2023
Published 12 September 2019
The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.
Communication skills are beneficial in and out of the workplace. Having the ability to clearly communicate instructions, ideas and concepts will help you to be successful in any career.
One of the most critical skills involved in effective communication is active listening. Developing this soft skill will help you build and maintain relationships, solve problems, improve processes and retain information, like instructions, procedures and expectations.
What are active listening skills?
Active listening skills are the ability to focus completely on a speaker, understand their message, comprehend the information and respond thoughtfully. Unlike passive listening, which is the act of hearing a speaker without retaining their message, this highly valued, interpersonal communication skill ensures you’re able to engage and later recall specific details without needing the information repeated.
Active listeners use verbal and non-verbal techniques to demonstrate that their attention is on the speaker. This not only supports your ability to focus, but also ensures that the speaker can see you are focused and engaged. Instead of thinking about and mentally rehearsing what you might say when the speaker is done, an active listener carefully considers the speaker’s words and commits the information to memory.
Why is active listening important in the workplace?
Whether you’re seeking a new job, striving to earn a promotion or working to improve in your current role, improving your active listening skills will help you to succeed. Much like critical thinking and conflict resolution, this soft skill will help increase your value as an employee.
Here are several benefits of being an active listener:
It helps you build connections: Active listening helps others feel comfortable sharing information with you. When you demonstrate your ability to sincerely listen to what others have to say, people will be more interested in communicating with you on a regular basis. This can help open up opportunities to collaborate with others, get work done quickly or start new projects. All of these things can help lead you build relationships for career success.
It helps you build trust: When people know they can speak freely to you without interruptions or judgment, they’ll be more likely to confide in you. This is especially helpful when meeting a new customer or business contact with whom you want to develop a long-term professional relationship.
It helps you identify and solve problems: Actively listening to others will help you detect challenges and difficulties others are facing, or problems with projects you’re working on. The quicker you’re able to identify these issues, the sooner you will be able to find a solution or create a plan to address them.
It helps you increase your knowledge and understanding: Great employees are always striving to learn something new and grow their knowledge. Because active listening helps you retain information, it will also help you better understand new topics and remember what you’ve learned so you can apply it in the future.
It helps you to avoid missing critical information: Because active listeners are highly engaged with the speaker, they’re able to recall specific details. This is especially important when the speaker is providing instructions, training you on a new process or delivering a message you’re responsible for passing along to others.
Active listening skills examples
Here are a variety of active listening exercises you can use to help improve your interpersonal communication skills.
Verbal active listening skills
Paraphrase. Summarise the main point(s) of the message the speaker shared to show you fully understand them. This will also give the speaker an opportunity to clarify vague information or expand their message.
Example: 'So what you’re saying is, your current content management system no longer meets your teams’ technical needs because it doesn’t support large video files'.
Ask open-ended questions. Ask questions that show you’ve gathered the essence of what they’ve shared and guide them into sharing additional information. Make sure these questions cannot be answered with a simple 'yes' or 'no'.
Example: 'You’re right – the onboarding procedure could use some updating. What changes would you want to make to the process over the next six months?'
Ask specific probing questions. Ask direct questions that guide the speaker to provide more details about the information they’ve shared or to narrow a broad subject.
Example: 'Tell me more about your current workload. Which of these projects is the most time consuming?'
Use short verbal affirmations. Short, positive statements will help the speaker feel more comfortable and show you’re engaged and able to process the information they’re providing. Small verbal affirmations help you continue the conversation without interrupting the speaker or disrupting their flow.
Example: 'I understand'. 'I see'. 'Yes, that makes sense'. 'I agree'.
Display empathy. Make sure the speaker understands you’re able to recognise their emotions and share their feelings. By showing compassion, rather than just feeling it, you’re able to connect with the speaker and begin establishing a sense of mutual trust.
Example: 'I’m so sorry you’re dealing with this problem. Let’s figure out some ways I can help'.
Share similar experiences. Discussing comparable situations will not only show the speaker you’ve successfully interpreted their message, but it can also help you build a relationship with the speaker. For example, if the speaker has shared a problem, you can provide advice on how you solved a similar challenge.
Example: 'I had a difficult time getting started with this program, too. But it gets much easier. After just a few weeks, I felt completely comfortable using all the features'.
Recall previously shared information. Try to remember key concepts, ideas or other critical points the speaker has shared with you in the past. This demonstrates that you’re not only listening to what they’re currently talking about, but you’re also able to retain information and recall specific details from previous conversations.
Example: 'Last month you mentioned adding a more senior coordinator to help with this account, and I see that’s definitely helped your team!'
Non-verbal active listening skills
Nod. Offering the speaker a few simple nods shows you understand what they’re saying. A nod is a helpful, supportive cue, and doesn’t necessarily communicate that you agree with the speaker – only that you are listening and processing what they are saying.
Smile. Like a nod, a small smile encourages a speaker to continue. However, unlike a nod, it communicates you agree with their message or that you’re happy about what they have to say. A smile can take the place of a short verbal affirmation to help defuse a situation and make sure that the speaker feels comfortable.
Avoid making any movements that show you are distracted. Being still can help communicate focus. To do this, try and avoid movements like glancing at your watch or phone, audibly sighing, doodling or tapping a pen, your foot or your fingers. You should also avoid exchanging verbal or non-verbal communication with others listening to the speaker. This can make the speaker feel frustrated and uncomfortable.
Maintain eye contact. Always keep your eyes on the speaker and avoid looking at other people or objects in the room. Just be sure to keep your gaze natural, using nods and smiles to ensure that you’re encouraging them rather than making the speaker feel intimidated or uneasy.
By implementing some of these verbal and non-verbal techniques into future conversations, you can work toward developing stronger relationships and retaining more information from your workplace interactions. Remember, active listening skills take time to improve and maintain, but the more you use these techniques, the more natural they’ll feel.
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