What Are UI Designer Skills? (And How to Improve Them)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Updated 2 February 2023

Published 6 May 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

In the digital marketplace, user interface (UI) designers have an important role. UI designers design all the visual and interactive elements of a digital product that contribute to an intuitive user experience, including icons, buttons, colour scheme and spacing. Learning about UI designer skills can help you assess your current skill set and determine how to better prepare yourself for the role. In this article, we define and describe UI designer skills, discuss their importance and list the steps you can take to improve them.

What are UI designer skills?

UI designer skills involve a combination of technical and transferable skills. Hard or technical skills include knowing basic design principles and being able to utilise industry tools and special design software. Soft or transferable skills include communication and interpersonal skills, empathy and having an intuitive understanding that enables you to create a seamless navigation experience for end-users.


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Examples of UI design skills and their importance

UI designers apply both their hard and soft skills when creating intuitive and engaging user interfaces. Here are some examples of UI designer skills:


UI designers create interface elements with appealing visuals and features. To design an attractive user interface, they consider different design elements, such as textures, colour schemes and typography. An effective UI designer knows how to choose the right colour palette to produce harmonious and distinctive designs. They use their knowledge of typography to choose the most suitable font style and size to optimise readability and accessibility. They use their creativity to design a website that provides effective visual communication to the user.

Design skills and knowledge enable UI designers to create and deliver projects on time. Their knowledge of colour theory and harmony allows them to create attractive designs that appeal to users. UI designers apply both their knowledge and creativity to create the best possible user interface design in digital products.

Wireframing and prototyping

Before designing a web page, UI designers create wireframes by placing images, buttons, menus and other UI elements in a diagram form. Once management approves these, UI designers create prototypes by using special tools and software to test the concept and design. At this stage, they use their technical knowledge of different platforms.

Employers expect UI designers to create wireframes and prototypes quickly and effectively because of the fast-paced nature of the digital industry. Proficiency in these skills enables UI designers to keep up with work demands. After approval of the wireframes and prototypes, the team developers code and implement the design.


UI designers typically understand basic HTML and CSS coding. They may make quick, minor website changes when testing new features or when troubleshooting. Basic coding knowledge and skills help UI designers effectively collaborate with other team members, such as software engineers, to create more effective designs.

Knowledge of industry trends and updates

With the rapid changes and innovations in the digital industry, UI designers keep themselves well-informed of the latest advancements and updates through continuous education and training and participating in symposiums and professional seminars. By remaining knowledgeable of new technologies, tools and software, they create relevant and relatable designs that highly appeal to users. Staying up to date with industry trends can help UI designers increase their value and advance in their careers.

Attention to detail

UI design requires keen attention to detail, for this is the point of interaction between the product and the user. An effective UI designer detects all irregularities, evaluates solutions and makes improvements. A designer's strict attention to detail can ensure the production of high-quality designs and showcases their abilities in decision-making, time management and organisational management.

Analysis and problem solving

UI designers continually monitor product usability and develop ways to improve their existing products. They understand technical methods that involve looking at analytics and statistics, which they use to evaluate and test the performance of their product. They regularly troubleshoot to identify potential issues and work with the team to find solutions to challenges. These skills help UI designers to be valuable team members and may increase their chances of getting a promotion.

Information architecture

UI designers properly structure, clearly label and strategically organise their projects for the user. Information architecture refers to the way UI designers organise content, such as conversation pathways in chatbots or webpage elements. UI designers aim to create a content strategy that guides the user's navigation of the product. They create sustainable and easily accessible web content that helps users complete their tasks efficiently.


When undertaking new projects, UI designers create outlines and plans regarding how to complete the project with their team. Aside from interface designing, they develop evaluation metrics that help them to receive feedback and evaluate their project's success. They develop clear objectives and identify necessary action plans. Good planning skills can help UI designers manage and prioritise projects, especially when the team is handling many tasks.


UI designers work with team members and clients, which makes strong oral and written communication skills valuable. They collaborate with team members in the planning stages of the projects, during the completion of the project and when testing and getting feedback. They provide input and request that their colleagues do the same to execute the task efficiently.

UI designers also send emails to the team and, sometimes, their clients. For certain projects, they may negotiate with clients regarding their requirements and to gain feedback on the design. Excellent communication skills help UI designers create an outstanding product that pleases their clients.

Related: Communication Skills: Definitions and Examples

Teamwork and flexibility

UI designers may work with a highly diverse group of people. As part of the project development, they collaborate with team members and work and interact with clients. They display the ability and flexibility to work harmoniously with all types of people because this enables the team to deliver excellent results and meet a user's needs.

How to improve your UI design skills

User interface design is quickly becoming a competitive field. If you're considering a career in this industry, it's important that you possess the right set of skills to help you perform your job effectively. Here are a few tips you may consider to improve your UI design skills and qualifications:

1. Study UI design patterns and advanced design techniques

UI design patterns serve as general and reusable solutions for common issues in the design process. UI designers use these design patterns as references and guides when discussing solutions to other design problems. Candidates for the job may consider becoming familiar with these design patterns to improve their efficiency in the design process.

UI designers seeking to improve their craft may also consider studying advanced UI design techniques. To do this, you can study the UI designs of popular platforms and applications. Studying and researching can help you become more knowledgeable and may help to improve your skills in typography, colour theory and visual design.

Related: Essential Certificates in Graphic Design for Career Growth

2. Attend workshops and network

Attending professional symposiums and seminars, even online, can help keep you updated on new techniques, software and tools for UI design. These workshops provide avenues for UI designers to practice their craft and learn fresh approaches to interface designing. Aside from learning updates, events like these allow UI designers to interact with each other. They may deliberate and brainstorm ideas, discuss common issues they face, share solutions that work for them and exchange helpful tips for the job.

3. Take on side projects

If your work schedule permits, you may consider accepting freelance design jobs. In addition to the extra income, side projects allow a UI designer to explore and be more creative. Side projects are often more flexible and open in terms of their instructions. UI designers can expand their portfolios and develop their skills through this extra experience.

4. Pay attention and train your eye

UI designers can improve their skills by observing the best designs. They study the designs of top brands that are successful in their UI design and note all the important components on their websites. They surround themselves with a variety of design inspirations and observe colour palettes and typography to improve their design process and train their eye to recognise the tiniest details, which can help to enhance their next design.

5. Share your work and find a mentor

Some UI designers show their work to their colleagues or friends to receive honest feedback. This process helps them to evaluate their work critically. The feedback and constructive criticism can help them improve and do better on the next project.

A mentor, who may be a senior UI designer or someone with years of experience and expertise in the area, can help you improve your craft. Mentors often provide valuable feedback, insights and new ideas for projects. They may give encouragement and valuable advice on how to advance your career.

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