Greenkeeper Responsibilities (With Duties and Jobs)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 14 November 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Greenkeeping is an exciting role that allows you to work outside, maintaining an aesthetically pleasing and functional sporting area for players and visitors while working with other horticulturists. If you're interested in this career, you may benefit from understanding a greenkeeper's roles and responsibilities. This can help you decide whether you have the right skills and horticultural knowledge to fulfil the requisite duties. In this article, we discuss greenkeeper responsibilities with a guide on their primary duties and a list of their roles.

Related: What Does a Groundskeeper Do? (Including Job Description)

What are greenkeeper responsibilities?

Greenkeeper responsibilities refer to the obligations to maintain the appearance and health of sporting fields and surroundings. Greenkeepers mainly work outside, tending to golf courses and playing surfaces that other sports, such as football, tennis and cricket, use. Greenkeepers may also oversee general maintenance tasks depending on the land on which they work. They may lead a group of horticulturists to maintain aesthetically pleasing courses or grounds for sporting purposes and for visitors to enjoy. Other than golf courses, greenkeepers may work in sports stadiums, clubs, leisure centres, schools or universities.

Related: How to Write a Greenkeeper Resume (With an Example)

Greenkeeper duties

Here's a guide to some greenkeeper duties:

Ensuring surfaces are suitable for sporting events

One of the most significant duties that greenkeepers handle is ensuring that ground surfaces are suitable for sporting events. This involves certifying that no standing or surface water could threaten player and visitor safety. It may also include assessing the health of turf after periods of adverse weather so that it can withstand public use.

Overall, it's a greenkeeper's duty to ensure that areas such as golf and tennis courses and cricket and football pitches are in optimal playing condition. This can involve creating lines in patches of grass and spray-painting out-of-bounds markers. It can also entail ensuring no serious damage occurs to surfaces following a game.

Related: Groundskeeper Resume Skills: Definition and Examples

Laying turf

Alongside their responsibility to ensure that turf remains suitable for all types of use, these operatives may also be involved in laying it. Turf laying entails working with large rolls of grass and earth, laying it neatly and tidily according to the needs of specific sporting events. The turf may also have aesthetic requirements.

For example, there may be specific requirements for turfing football pitches, which greenkeepers adhere to when laying. The laying of turf can include patching small areas of damaged turf after a match or period of adverse weather or larger regeneration projects requiring lots of grass. Turf laying requires strength and stamina, with operatives typically lifting heavy rolls for long periods.

Related: 12 Careers in Arboriculture (Duties and Average Salaries)

Maintaining equipment

Greenkeepers may maintain equipment and ensure it's safe to use depending on the type of sporting venue where they work. This involves regular inspections of items such as golfing equipment, football goals and, where appropriate, nets. They also ensure that clay or turf pitches are in the correct condition for play. Greenkeepers may sometimes undertake minor repairs using various tools to secure structures and make sure they're safe for use.

Greenkeepers may source new replacement equipment, ensuring that it's appropriate for the relevant activity. Maintaining equipment also refers to weather-proofing specific equipment in adverse weather. This may involve buying protective covers for outdoor equipment and checking that structures don't rust over time due to wet weather.

Maintaining surrounding estates

Greenkeeper operatives may work alongside other course staff to maintain the surrounding areas. This work may include tending to gardens and flower beds. And while the focus is on ensuring that courses and grounds remain fit for use and are aesthetically pleasing, they may conduct other maintenance tasks, such as mowing fairways and lawns, planting flowers and shrubs, removing weeds and fertilising.

Greenkeepers may supervise other horticulturists, such as gardeners, tree surgeons and maintenance staff, in these duties. Maintaining surrounding areas can also require liaising with pest control operatives or setting traps and bait for vermin on sports grounds. This is an integral part of a greenkeeper's duties, as they typically maintain a safe environment for all players and visitors.

Related: How to Write a Gardener Resume (With Steps and Examples)

Adhering to aesthetic requirements

Greenkeepers typically liaise with ground owners, club managers and landscape architects to establish their aesthetic needs. This forms a significant portion of a greenkeeper's responsibilities, as they ensure that all their maintenance duties adhere to these requirements. Aesthetics can refer to such aspects as making lines in the grass or mowing specific patterns into the grass, depending on the sporting event.

Working with chemicals

Greenkeepers use their comprehensive knowledge of chemicals to maintain grass in optimal condition. This can involve using pesticides for weed reduction and fertilisers, chemicals and nutrients to help the grass grow and withstand harsh weather. To use these chemicals, greenkeepers may consult gardeners who can advise on the best chemicals and nutrients to use to achieve specific goals for a perfect appearance.

Related: 6 Professional Landscaper Skills and How to Develop Them

Greenkeeping roles

There are many greenkeeping-based roles, and several operatives maintain sports grounds and courses. If you're interested in a greenkeeper career, you may benefit from understanding the different roles available. Here's a guide to three of them that you, having the requisite greenkeeping skills, can pursue:

1. Grounds maintenance operative

National average salary: $59,741 per year

Primary duties: Grounds maintenance operatives undertake similar duties to a greenkeeper but typically work under their instruction. They fulfil critical responsibilities, including maintaining the aesthetic appearance of sports grounds and courses by cutting hedges and grass, removing litter and spraying weeds. They may also work alongside a greenkeeper to maintain equipment and ensure that sites are safe to work on for all players, staff and visitors.

Maintenance staff may respond to urgent issues, such as pest control or damaged and dangerous structures. They provide quick repairs and maintenance to structures to ensure that visitors have an enjoyable experience. Depending on the environment, these operatives may also conduct tree surgery, such as removing low branches and making trees safe following storms or adverse weather.

2. Gardener

National average salary: $80,446 per year

Primary duties: While gardeners maintain a ground's aesthetic value, their primary focus is to plant and maintain the appropriate flowers for a ground or a course and its surrounds. These operatives plant a wide variety of trees, flowers and shrubs and help the greenkeeper maintain a visually pleasing aspect while being cognisant of a landscape architect's wishes. Alongside planting flowers, trees and shrubs, gardeners maintain the health and longevity of plants by working with various chemicals and fertilisers.

They may assist a greenkeeper in keeping the grass on a course or playing field healthy by advising them on which chemicals to use to control weeds and maintain the health of the grass throughout the year. Gardeners use their expert knowledge of plants to help greenkeepers combat the effects of harsh weather. For example, after long periods of dry weather, a gardener may advise them on the best ways to stop the grass from drying out and dying.

3. Landscape architect

National average salary: $90,158 per year

Primary duties: Landscape architects work alongside greenkeepers and other horticulturists to plan and design golf courses and sports grounds. They primarily design the layout and placement of greens, and facilities and designate areas for flower beds and architectural features. Usually, these professionals involve themselves in the early stages of creating a sporting landscape, helping construction personnel and horticulturists understand the best placement of the components of the course or ground.

Landscape architects may help greenkeepers decide on the best placement for certain types of turf based on the land's properties, such as adequate drainage or the ground's undulations. They may also work with greenkeepers on a golf course or sports ground regeneration project, devising new design plans to improve it further, such as by changing the layout, turf choices or drainage and irrigation systems.

Salary figures reflect data listed on Indeed Salaries at time of writing. Salaries‌ ‌may‌ ‌‌vary‌‌ ‌depending‌ ‌on‌ ‌the‌ ‌hiring‌ ‌organisation‌ ‌and‌ ‌a‌ ‌candidate's‌ ‌experience,‌ ‌academic‌ background and‌ ‌location.

Explore more articles