What Jobs Are in Demand in Australia? (With Examples)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Updated 23 September 2022 | Published 1 July 2021

Updated 23 September 2022

Published 1 July 2021

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

In-demand jobs are plentiful for people who have the right training and skills. Opportunities for high-demand jobs in Australia should grow, ensuring you can apply your skills for years to come. Understanding what jobs are in demand in Australia can help you choose the best study and training options for a sustainable career. In this article, we list the most in-demand careers in a range of industries.

What jobs are most in-demand in Australia?

The most in-demand jobs in Australia have the highest number of positions and the greatest growth potential. Here is a list of 40 of the most in-demand jobs in Australia:

1. Barista

National average salary: $55,385 per year
Primary duties: A barista makes coffee, tea and other drinks, takes patron’s orders, processes their payments and maintains a clean workspace, equipment and tools.
Educational requirements:  There are usually no formal education requirements for becoming a barista, but you can complete a Food Handling Certificate (Level 1), Certificate II in Hospitality or a Certificate III in Hospitality to improve your employability.

2. Cleaner

National average salary: $57,325 per year
Primary duties: A cleaner usually maintains sanitary conditions in the interior of commercial buildings and residential properties, including flooring, carpets, bathrooms, surfaces, furniture, fittings and sometimes windows.
Educational requirements: There are usually no formal requirements for becoming a cleaner, but a Certificate III in Cleaning Operations or a Certificate III in Asset Maintenance (Cleaning Operations) may improve your employment prospects.

3. Pharmacy assistant

National average salary: $58,131 per year
Primary duties: A pharmacy assistant provides supportive duties to a pharmacist by preparing medications, advising customers on how to use non-medicinal pharmacy goods and manages inventory by keeping shelves stocked.
Educational requirements: Certificate II, III or IV In Community Pharmacy is typically a requirement for this role. 

4. Warehouse worker

National average salary: $58,760 per year
Primary duties: A warehouse worker manages inventory stored in a business's warehouse. They process new inventory and retrieve, pack and ship items to customers.
Educational requirements: To become a warehouse worker, you typically need a high school education or equivalent. You might also improve your employment opportunity or secure a managerial role with a Certificate III in Warehousing Operations.

5. Customer service representative

National average salary: $59,430 per year
Primary duties: A customer service representative interacts with customers, addresses concerns with products or services, answers their questions and recommends products or services to customers.
Educational requirements: There are typically no formal requirements for securing employment in this role, though the completion of high school may be desirable.

6. Chef

National average salary: $62,626 per year
Primary duties: A chef runs a kitchen, planning its menu, sourcing ingredients and ensuring quality dishes reach diners.
Educational requirements:  A formal education, such as a Certificate IV in Commercial Cookery, is usually a requirement. International equivalents of the Cert IV may also be acceptable.

7. Cabinet maker

National average salary: $63,381 per year
Primary duties: A cabinet maker designs, constructs and installs cabinets for home and business bathrooms and kitchens.
Educational requirements: The minimum education requirement for becoming a cabinet maker is usually a Certificate III in Cabinet Making, completed as an apprentice.

8. Security guard

National average salary: $64,224 per year
Primary duties: A security guard supervises businesses and events to protect assets from theft and damage and make sure customers and employees stay safe.
Educational requirements: The requirements for becoming a security guard usually involve a year 12 education and a Certificate II in Security Operations. 

9. Painter

National average salary: $69,504 per year
Primary duties: A painter prepares and paints surfaces to enhance and protect them.
Educational requirements: To become a painter, you typically need to complete a Certificate III in Painting and Decorating as an apprentice.

10. Early childhood teacher

National average salary: $70,315 per year
Primary duties: An early childhood teacher plans and supervises activities that help children, usually aged between two and five, learn basic skills.
Educational requirements: To secure employment in this role, you usually need a four-year Bachelor of Education (Early Childhood) or a two to three-year Diploma of Early Childhood Education.

Related: 8 Common Interview Questions for Teachers

11. Mechanic

National average salary: $71,285 per year
Primary duties: A mechanic maintains and repairs vehicles to ensure they run safely, reliably and efficiently.
Educational requirements: A Certificate II in Automotive Servicing Technology or a Certificate III in Light Vehicle Mechanical Technology are typically requirements for becoming a mechanic. 

12. Sales assistant

National average salary: $73,572 per year
Primary duties: A sales assistant helps customers make purchases, keeps the shop neat and tidy, and displays new stock.
Educational requirements: There are usually no formal education requirements for becoming a sales assistant. If you want to improve your employability, you may complete a Certificate II or III in Retail Services.

13. Industrial engineer

National average salary: $75,678 per year
Primary duties: An industrial engineer designs, develops and tests systems for industrial production processes, ensuring they are safe, reliable, efficient and affordable.
Educational requirements: A bachelor's degree in engineering or science with a focus on manufacturing or mechanical engineering is often an employment requirement for this role.

Related: 12 Key Engineer Skills for Your Resume

14. Carpenter

National average salary: $77,397 per year
Primary duties: A carpenter constructs wooden items, such as building frameworks, stairs and furniture.
Educational requirements: You typically need a Certificate III in Carpentry or Certificate III in Carpentry and Joinery to secure employment in this role. You can usually complete these certificates as an apprentice.

15. Plumber

National average salary: $77,737 per year
Primary duties: A plumber installs and maintains pipe systems and fixtures for residential and business customers.
Educational requirements: To become a plumber, you typically need a Certificate III in Plumbing or a Certificate IV in Plumbing & Services. You can usually complete these certificates as an apprentice.

16. Gardener

National average salary: $79,178 per year
Primary duties: A gardener designs and maintains outdoor spaces so they look neat and attractive.
Educational requirements: There are usually no formal requirements for becoming a gardener but a Certificate III in Horticulture, Certificate III in Landscape Construction, Certificate III in Parks and Gardens or a Certificate IV in Permaculture may help you secure employment.

17. Delivery driver

National average salary: $79,339 per year
Primary duties: A delivery driver loads and transports goods from businesses to their customers.
Educational requirements: There are typically no formal education requirements, but you may complete a Certificate II, III or IV in Driving Operations to improve your employability.

18. Registered nurse

National average salary: $80,128 per year
Primary duties: A registered nurse provides healthcare, advice and emotional support to patients and their loved ones.
Educational requirements: To become a registered nurse, you usually need a Bachelor's in Nursing.

Related: 10 Nursing Interview Questions and Answers

19. Truck driver

National average salary: $81,628 per year
Primary duties: A truck driver transports items around the country. 
Educational requirements: You typically only need a Heavy Rigid (HR) license to become a truck driver, but aCertificate III or IV in Driving Operations might help you secure employment.

20. Occupational therapist

National average salary: $86,077 per year
Primary duties: An occupational therapist helps clients facing challenges, such as disabilities and rehabilitation, become more independent.
Educational requirements: This role typically requires a Bachelor of Occupational Therapy or a Certificate IV in Allied Health Assistance (Occupational Therapy).

21. Physiotherapist

National average salary: $86,142 per year
Primary duties: A physiotherapist helps patients with limited mobility improve their physical abilities.
Educational requirements: To secure employment in this role, you may need a Bachelor of Physiotherapy or Bachelor of Physiotherapy (Honours). Alternatively, if you’ve completed a science-based tertiary qualification, you can secure a degree in the Master of Physiotherapy.

22. Policy analyst

National average salary: $86,555 per year
Primary duties: A policy analyst assesses the impact laws may have on people and groups.
Educational requirements: To become a policy analyst, you typically need a bachelor's degree related to political science, public policy or international relations.

23. Electrician

National average salary: $88,246 per year
Primary duties: An electrician installs, inspects, maintains and repairs electrical infrastructure and machines.
Educational requirements: To become an electrician, you usually need a Certificate II in Electrotechnology or a Certificate III in Electrotechnology. You may complete these certificates as an apprentice.

24. Social worker

National average salary: $88,746 per year
Primary duties: A social worker counsels clients dealing with life challenges and refers them to support services.
Educational requirements: To secure employment in this role, you may need a Bachelor of Social Work.

25. Fitter

National average salary: $89,664 per year
Primary duties: A fitter creates machine components from metal to technical specifications.
Educational requirements: To become a fitter, you usually need a Certificate III in Engineering (Mechanical Trade).

26. Programmer

National average salary: $89,757 per year
Primary duties: A programmer writes and tests code to create and modify computer software and apps.
Educational requirements: Employers typically prefer programmers to have a bachelor’s degree or certificate relevant to computer programming or software development.

27. Systems administrator

National average salary: $96,279 per year
Primary duties: A systems administrator configures and maintains computer systems to make sure they are reliable, efficient and secure.
Educational requirements: To secure employment as a systems administrator, you may need to complete a bachelor's degree majoring in IT, computer engineering, or electronic engineering.

28. Psychologist

National average salary: $97,742 per year
Primary duties: A psychologist studies mental health and human behaviour. Psychologists may help clients manage their mental health or conduct academic research.
Educational requirements: You may need a Bachelor of Psychological Science or a Bachelor of Psychology to secure employment in this role. 

Read more: How To Become a Psychologist

29. High school teacher

National average salary:$98,540 per year
Primary duties: A high school teacher educates students in years 7 to 12, plans lessons and sets and marks assignments and exams.
Educational requirements: If you want to secure employment in this role, you typically need aBachelor of Education (Secondary) or a Master of Teaching (Secondary).

30. Solicitor

National average salary: $100,273 per year
Primary duties: A solicitor represents clients and their legal interests by preparing legal documents and helping them resolve disputes.
Educational requirements:  You usually need a Bachelor of Law or Master of Law to secure employment as a solicitor.

31. Advertising manager

National average salary: $102,150 per year
Primary duties: An advertising manager organises campaigns promoting businesses and their products or services.
Educational requirements: To become an advertising manager, you may need a bachelor’s or master’s degree in marketing or business management.

32. Civil engineer

National average salary: $103,109 per year
Primary duties: A civil engineer designs and oversees the construction of public projects and improves existing infrastructure.
Educational requirements: You usually need a Bachelor of Engineering (Civil) or a Master of Engineering (Civil) to secure employment in this role. 

33. Cabin crew/Flight attendant

National average salary: $105,664 per year
Primary duties: A crew member greets customers as they board the aircraft, informs them of various safety procedures in case of an emergency, answers questions about onboard products and services, processes payments for their purchases and serves them food and beverages.
Educational requirements: A Senior Secondary Certificate of Education or a Diploma in Tourism is usually a requirement for becoming a flight attendant in addition to a Responsible Service of Alcohol (RSA) certificate.

34. Lecturer

National average salary: $108,624 per year
Primary duties: A lecturer teaches university students about subjects in their area of expertise.
Educational requirements: If you want to become a lecturer, you typically need a bachelor's degree or master's degree relevant to your field of study.

35. Management consultant

National average salary: $110,443 per year
Primary duties: A management consultant analyses businesses and helps them improve their performance.
Educational requirements: To become a management consultant, you may need a bachelor related to business management, accounting or commerce.

36. Auditor

National average salary: $111,613 per year
Primary duties: An auditor examines a business’s financial records and ensures they are accurate and they are paying their tax in full.
Educational requirements: To become an auditor, you usually need an accredited bachelor's degree, such as a Bachelor of Business (Accounting) or a Bachelor of Accounting.

37. Human resources manager

National average salary: $118,914 per year
Primary duties: A human resources manager plans and oversees employee-related initiatives including recruitment, hiring, training, discipline and payroll.
Educational requirements: To become a human resource manager, you may need a diploma or bachelor-level qualification, such as a Diploma in Human Resources Management or a Certificate IV in Human Resources.

38. Mining engineer

National average salary: $160,551 per year
Primary duties: A mining engineer plans and supervises the construction of mines, ensuring they are safe and efficient.
Educational requirements: To secure employment in this role, you typically need a Bachelor of Engineering, majoring in mining or geotechnical engineering.

39. Construction manager

National average salary: $176,299 per year
Primary duties: A construction manager plans construction projects and oversees their development to make sure workers are productive and safe and client projects are successful.
Educational requirements: If you want to become a construction manager, you may need a bachelor’s degree or certificate IV related to construction management, project management or civil engineering.

40. General practitioner

National average salary: $229,750 per year
Primary duties: A general practitioner oversees the general health of patients. They diagnose and prescribe medications for minor ailments, perform routine procedures such as vaccinations and blood pressure checks, help patients manage chronic conditions and refer patients to medical specialists as needed.
Educational requirements: Securing employment in this role typically requires an undergraduate degree in any medical discipline followed by a related postgraduate qualification.

What are the best careers in Australia?

The best careers in Australia are the ones that provide the following:

  • Above-average salaries

  • Satisfying duties

  • Ample job opportunities

  • Predicted growth in the future

The in-demand jobs listed in this article are some of the best careers in Australia, according to this criterion, as there are many opportunities in these roles, now and in the future. Whether a job is satisfying can vary, depending on individual interests and motivations. Roles in healthcare and education often have high satisfaction ratings as many people love helping others. Consider your own passions and needs to determine the best career for you.

What jobs are in high demand right now?

Lifestyle changes and our ageing population impact what jobs are in high demand right now. For example, the growth of online shopping has fuelled the demand for the delivery and technology sector. An ageing population and the focus on illness prevention and wellness have driven demand for healthcare roles. A growing interest in wealth management has increased jobs in finance. Education jobs are also growing, particularly in the online sector, as more people change careers and learn new skills.

Most in-demand jobs in education

Along with the roles of early childhood, special education and high school teachers listed above, some in-demand education positions are:

  • Education assistant

  • Mathematics teacher

  • Physical education teacher

  • English teacher

  • School counsellor

  • Driving instructor

  • Education officer

  • School principal

  • Elementary school teacher

  • Music teacher

Most in-demand jobs in healthcare

Along with the positions already listed above, including aged care worker, registered nurse and general practitioner, the following healthcare jobs are in demand:

  • Medical officer

  • Health services administrator

  • Imaging specialist

  • Disability support worker

  • Optometrist

  • Audiologist

  • Clinical pathologist

  • Midwife

  • Clinical nurse educator

  • Nurse manager

Most in-demand jobs in technology

Along with the programmer and systems administrator roles listed above, there is strong demand for the following technology jobs:

  • Information and communications technology (ICT) manager

  • Database administrator

  • Business systems analyst

  • Information technology (IT) security specialist

  • Network manager

  • Software test engineer

  • Cloud engineer

  • Risk and compliance investigator

  • Back-end developer

  • Full-stack developer

Most in-demand jobs in finance

Here are some examples of in-demand finance jobs:

  • Accountant

  • Assistant treasurer

  • Financial consultant

  • Planning engineer

  • Enterprise resource planning (ERP) analyst

  • Financial planning and analysis manager

  • Actuary

  • Finance manager

  • Financial controller

  • Credit analyst





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