SAP ABAP Interview Questions With Example Answers and Tips

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 3 May 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

SAP ABAP is a software platform and associated programming language that organisations use to manage their daily activities. It allows for the mass processing of data and the coordinated function of applications involved in different business areas. If you're seeking a career in programming, learning the answers to some common SAP ABAP interview questions can be beneficial. In this article, we briefly cover what SAP ABAP is, explore some potential interview questions with sample answers and list some general tips for succeeding in a job interview.

Related: How to Become a Software Developer

What is SAP ABAP?

SAP ABAP collectively refers to a software programming language system. In data processing, SAP stands for systems, applications and products. It's a type of software organisations use to manage their day-to-day activities. SAP enables organisations to optimise functions like managing supplier relationships, accounting tasks and finance. It's a type of enterprise resource planning (ERP) software. Advanced business application programming (ABAP) is the proprietary ERP programming language for fourth-generation SAP.

ABAP design specifically enables the mass processing of data across various applications. This gives versatility to SAP applications, allowing for the development and customisation of systems based on the users' needs. SAP programs written in ABAP can also run alongside applications written in other programming languages, such as JavaScript or SAPUI5.

Related: What Is JavaScript?

6 common SAP ABAP interview questions

Here are a few examples of some potential SAP ABAP interview questions employers may ask, with suggested answers:

1. Can you define SAP ABAP for me?

Interviewers may ask this question to establish if you have a suitable foundational and technical understanding. Your resume may show this, but interviewers may prefer you to demonstrate your knowledge rather than assume it. It can also be a useful introductory question to ease you into the interview. Interviewers may also look to see if you can articulate technical information properly.

Example: 'SAP is an acronym for systems, applications and products in data processing. It's an example of ERP or enterprise resource planning software. It's generally a tool that businesses use to manage their day-to-day tasks and activities.

ABAP, or advanced business application programming, is the proprietary programming language facilitating data processing between SAP applications. The SAP ABAP platform is suitable for building enterprise applications for large businesses working with a high volume of data.'

2. Please describe some advantages of SAP ABAP

This question also seeks to establish your technical understanding. In particular, it looks to establish that you understand the practical applications of the platform. Give an answer that references ways of using SAP applications to facilitate workplace functions.

Example: 'The versatility in ABAP means it's possible to create SAP applications and tailor them to the needs of the company and the specific data it processes. The potential for interactivity with applications written in other languages further creates the possibility of data continuity between these different applications. This makes it suitable for organisations looking to integrate different applications in data collection, storage and analysis from different functional business areas.

An SAP ABAP platform can essentially act as a singular data source and share this data with different applications and business units. This can allow for more efficient and accurate business operations. SAP ABAP also protects against data breaches and other security threats with the potential to leak information.'

Related: How to Use the STAR Interview Response Technique

3. What are the types of ABAP editors?

This question seeks to test your knowledge of actually using the functionality of the programming language. This is a chance to demonstrate the granularity of your knowledge of the language and its practical usage. While naming the editor types, briefly state how they function.

Example: 'There are two types of ABAP editors: SE38 and SE80. SE38 is the main object development component of the ABAP editor and allows us to view online reports and create programs.

SE80 supports additional features. These features can include creating business server page applications, function groups and module pools.'

Related: 8 Beneficial Computer Programmer Skills That Are in Demand

4. Please define ITS and its merits

This question further tests your knowledge of practical applications. This functionality specifically relates to its links to the internet. Define the term, how it functions and briefly state a few merits. You may use any personal anecdotes or examples of benefits from your previous work experience to support your points.

Example: 'ITS stands for internet transaction server and describes the link between the internet and the SAP R/3 system. ITS creates connections and interfaces between HTTP servers and the R/3 system. This means it can convert HTML files into screen-provided data and vice versa, allowing an SAP system to communicate directly with a web browser.

In terms of merits, accessing ITS using the internet communication managers enables developing and testing web transactions in SAP R/3 systems. This includes all transaction components, even those outside of ITS.'

5. Can you define function modules in SAP ABAP?

Although this presents another question where you may consider giving a descriptive answer, it's an opportunity to demonstrate a more in-depth technical understanding. You can begin your answer by giving a broad overview of function modules. You may then go into more detail, defining some of the different types of function modules.

Example: 'Function modules are discrete procedures in ABAP, created with the help of a function builder and grouped into function groups. The type of function module correlates with the kind of processing involved. For example, a regular function module is the default function module a user executes immediately and synchronously with user input on the SAP system.

There are also remote-enabled function modules that use requests for comments (RFC) protocols. As a practical example, it's possible to define a remote function module that links a warehouse management system with a resource planning system to obtain shipment or stock information. Business application program interface function modules are also extremely useful. We commonly use these to generate, update, read or delete business objects in SAP. Such objects may include purchase orders or sales orders.'

6. What is an SAP script and its components?

Interviewers may ask a question requiring you to walk through a real-life scenario. This tests your knowledge and a practical understanding of the concepts you're talking about. This question is an example of a simplified scenario that doesn't require too much detail but presents an opportunity to describe how you may create the components or populate them.

Example: 'SAP script is the text-processing function of an SAP system that prints the pre-formatted text in the appropriate forms. An SAP script has several components, such as the editor component used to enter and edit lines of text. The styles and layout set defines the print layout. The layout is initially independent of the individual texts, then applied to them later.

The composer is the central output component. A programming interface is a tool for adding SAP script components into specific programs and defines the layout set output from within them. All the previous components feed into the database tables, which organisations use for layout sets, styles and storing text.'

General interview tips

Besides testing specific subject knowledge, interviewers are also looking to assess your overall suitability as a member of the organisation. They look at different aspects of your personality and how you respond to different things that may come up in the interview. When entering the interview, be mindful of the following:

  • Listen: Make sure you're properly listening to your interviewers to ensure you respond to the questions they're asking, rather than the question you were hoping they ask. Interviewers may also provide clues about what parts of your responses are registering positively with them, so observe them closely to get an idea of how you can progress the conversation.

  • Be mindful of your body language: Body language and other non-verbal communication can say a lot about you as a potential employee and inform an interviewer's opinion of you. Focus on cues like making eye contact when you speak to people and the posture you hold in the room.

  • Research the company: Taking the time to research the company before you attend the interview can be highly valuable as it demonstrates a passion for the organisation you're applying to. Some prior research can help you form insightful, intelligent questions you can ask the employer when they allow you to do so.

You may wish to prepare answers to some specific questions you expect to encounter in the interview. While this is beneficial, over-rehearsed answers may not give the impression you want them to. Take the time to think of specific scenarios and examples you can talk about to demonstrate skills, but perhaps avoid writing and memorising a scripted response. Instead, think about the overall structure of an answer and the key points you wish to cover. This can help keep answers natural and conversational, allowing you to tailor them specifically to the corresponding question.

Explore more articles