What Are Job Qualifications? (With Types and Examples)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 10 April 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Educational classifications and previous employment can help someone succeed in the job application process. Employers usually prefer to see this experience on a resume, as it shows what skills the candidate possesses and if they're suitable for the role. Understanding how your background experience can affect your application may help you succeed during your career. In this article, we discuss what job qualifications are, list the different types of qualifications you can obtain and provide an example job qualification summary you might see when looking for a new role.

Related: How to Write a Summary of Qualifications (With Examples)

What are job qualifications?

Learning the answer to 'What are job qualifications?' can help you decide what steps you want to take on your career path. This formal documentation can refer to someone's previous experience, developed skills and personal attributes that employers typically require. It can be a way for companies to choose the right candidate depending on their experience. Showing the requirements in a job description can make people aware of the company's criteria and who they usually accept for an interview.

There are many types of qualifications that can support the employer's decision when hiring a candidate for the role. For example, administration teams might require someone with qualifications in business, as this can strengthen the company's structure and introduce more skills into the team. Most employers filter the applications to highlight specific resumes that might appeal to them. If you're interested in finding a superior position, it might be worth researching the relevant qualifications for your chosen industry.

Related: Finding the Best Resume Template (With Tips and Examples)

Types of job qualifications

Usually, companies seek candidates with a range of qualifications presented on their resumes. This can encourage employers to request an interview, as they might want to learn more about your work experience and previous education. Some job advertisements can vary with their specifications, depending on the industry, position and company. Below are types of employment qualifications you can get in Australia before you apply for jobs:

Australian requirements

It can be important to obtain identity checks if you're working in government roles or plan to find a position in the educational system. This provides the employer with a physical document of your successful application check. Here are some examples of checks you can get:

National Police Check

The police check can involve comparing your full name and date of birth against the police database. This system may determine any criminal convictions or legal information that has to be shared with the company. You can use this check for job applications, volunteering positions, roles involving children and vulnerable groups, registration schemes, Australian citizenship, overseas employment and visa applications. Completing the National Police Check may cost around $42.

Working with Children Check (WWCC)

Applying for the Working with Children Check can provide employers with information regarding your background. This check can determine any criminal convictions that may prevent you from working in a child-related profession. You can complete this assessment if you want to work as a primary school teacher, nursing assistant, child psychologist or youth worker. The Working with Children Check may cost around $87 to complete, depending on your type of employment.


Some companies may require candidates to have educational qualifications that show their passion for a specific subject. For example, a newspaper organisation might look for someone who has completed a bachelor's degree in journalism or another writing-related field. Here are some examples of educational qualifications:

University degrees

Going to study at university can help expand your knowledge and develop your skills for future career prospects. This may show employers how dedicated you are to learning about a specific subject and creating a career path based on what you learned. In Australia, you can complete a bachelor's degree in three years and extend your education for another year if you want to complete a master's degree. On your resume, you can state your relevant accomplishments at university and how these can benefit the specific role in the company.

Related: Diploma vs. Bachelor: With How to Choose Between Them


A certificate is a formal document that represents someone's achievement and expertise on a chosen subject. For example, if you want to learn more about the risks in computer software and networks, you can either complete the Certificate IV in Risk Management or the Certificate IV in Compliance Management. This can show companies you're passionate about the business risk industry, which might earn you an interview with a relevant employer. You can consider researching certifications that may benefit your interest and applying them to your resume.

Work experience

Previous employment can be the most important qualification for employers, as it can represent your extensive knowledge of the industry. For example, businesses usually prefer to hire people who have experience with customers and can communicate effectively. Below are some examples of work experience qualifications:

Training courses

Some employers may value candidates who take training courses for their careers. Some of these can be free during volunteer work experience, although most companies offer training sessions when hiring new employees. A training course can increase your productivity, improve your work performance, help you develop important skills, expand your industry knowledge and provide you with commercial awareness in the workplace. You can highlight these training courses in your resume by explaining how they benefited your career growth.

Related: Everything You Need to Know About Volunteer Experience

Previous jobs

Companies typically look for candidates with relevant experience in the employment industry, as this can help develop their skills for the role. For example, if you have experience working with customers over the phone, you may succeed in the application process for an administration based role. Hiring managers usually want to see job responsibilities on your resume and how these particular jobs helped your skills and industry awareness. This may give you the chance to state your key duties in each role and what they encouraged you to achieve.

Soft skills

These interpersonal skills can represent your character traits and show employers how you interact with people. Some companies might conduct personality assessments to monitor your suitability for the role. Here are some examples of soft skills in the workplace:


This soft skill can be especially important for companies, as you might interact with customers and talk to colleagues about certain problems. You can develop this skill through previous employment and educational qualifications, depending on your chosen subject. For example, companies typically choose candidates who actively listen to people around them and speak about their goals in the workplace. It might be worth mentioning this soft skill on your resume and expressing how you developed strong communication.

Related: Interpersonal Skills: Definition and Examples

Time management

Hiring managers can seek candidates who stay organised and create their own schedule for each shift. This may ensure the smooth operation of the company, as people can manage their workload and contribute to the company's objectives. For example, jobs in administration might require people to organise their paperwork and complete business-related tasks for the day. You can consider talking about this skill on your resume and providing examples of when you managed your time effectively in the workplace.

Hard skills

Most people can develop their hard skills when they complete job training or work in a similar role for longer than a year. These skills may appeal to employers who want to hire people for businesses that rely on modern technology and digital forms of communication. Below are some examples of hard skills:


Foreign language skills can prove useful when working in some jobs. Learning a variety of languages can help you interact with customers and learn new pieces of information from online sources. For example, you may translate an interesting article that can benefit your industry knowledge. It can be a good idea to list your fluent languages on your resume and explain how and why you learned them.

Computer literacy

Most jobs can focus on building an online network using modern technology and computer software. Understanding different computer applications, such as Microsoft Word and Excel, can benefit your ability to use digital resources. For example, the company might ask you to document your research on computer spreadsheets. It might be worth listing the types of computer packages you can use and why they might help you in the role.

Job qualifications example

Employers often list their desired qualifications on a job listing. You may compare that list to your personal qualifications, and choose to highlight your relevant qualities on your resume in different sections. For example, you may add different sections for education, skills and work history and include details to show you're qualified for the new role.

Here's an example of how hiring managers may list their job qualifications:


The ideal candidate for this role has:

  • bachelor's degree in journalism or a related field

  • at least four years of relevant work experience at a news agency

  • strong writing and research skills

  • ability to manage an editorial calendar

  • advanced knowledge of Microsoft Word and Excel

Please note that none of the companies mentioned in this article are affiliated with Indeed.

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